Bylaws of the Sandia Soaring Association, Inc. (The SSA)

 

Article I. Membership

A. Classes. The Corporation shall have the following classes of membership. Their respective rights are

as follows:

1. Full Membership includes the right to vote on Corporation affairs, hold office and, upon qualification, have the right to fly at SSA controlled sites.

2. Associate members are encouraged to attend all club functions.

3. Temporary membership is available to visiting pilots on a monthly basis and provides a right to fly at SSA controlled sites, but not a right to vote or hold office.

 

B. Admission. All applicants for full or temporary membership must also be members of the United States HangGliding and Paragliding Association (USHPA). An applicant shall be admitted to full membership in the Corporation only upon making application therefore, meeting those requirements set by the officers, and payment of dues.  Applicants for associate membership shall be accepted upon payment of dues.

 

C. Suspension, expulsion and removal from office. A member may be removed from elected or

appointed office, have his or her membership suspended for a period, or be expelled from the Corporation

for cause, such as violation of any of these Bylaws or violation of flight regulations or other rules of the

Corporation or for conduct prejudicial to the best interests of the Corporation. Such action shall require a

two thirds (2/3) vote of all the voting members at a regular meeting, provided that a statement of the

charges and a notice of the time and place of the meeting have been mailed to the member at least seven (7)

days prior to the meeting, and that the member will have an opportunity to present a defense at the meeting.

 

D. Transfer of membership. Membership in the Corporation is not transferable or assignable.

 

E. Termination of membership. Membership shall terminate on the death or resignation of a member or

three (3) months after expiration of the annual dues. On such termination, any rights, titles, or interests of the

former member in or to the property and assets of the Corporation shall cease.

 

Article II. Dues.

A. Annual dues. Membership shall determine from time to time the amount of the initiation fee, if any,

and the amount of annual dues payable to the Corporation by Full and Associate Members. Dues shall be

published each year via a newsletter or web site.

1. Full Members: $35.00 per year.

2. Associate Members: $17.50 per year.

3. Temporary Memberships: $15.00 for a one month membership

B. Payment of dues and fees. Annual dues shall become payable on the first day of the calendar year.

 

Article III. Meetings of the members.

A. Annual meeting. An annual meeting of the members shall be held in the month of October, at a time announced on the web site or discussion group,for the purposes of electing officers, and for the transaction of such other business as may come before the meeting. If the election of officers shall not be held in the month designated herein for any annual meeting, the officers shall cause the election to be held at a special meeting of the members as soon thereafter as conveniently may be done.

 

B. Regular meetings. Monthly meetings shall be held on the first Thursday of each month at a time and to be announced the week prior on the web site or discussion group

 

C. Quorum. Full Members represented at a scheduled meeting, with a minimum of

five (5), shall constitute a quorum. A majority of the votes entitled to be cast on a matter to be voted upon by

the members represented at a meeting shall be necessary for the adoption thereof.

 

1. Unless otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation or by the Bylaws, notice stating the place, day, and hour of the meeting, and in the case of a special meeting, the purpose or purposes for which the meeting is called, shall be delivered not less than five (5), nor more than fifty (50) days before the date of the meeting, either personally, by mail or on the web site, by or at the direction of the President, or the Secretary/Treasurer, or the officers or persons calling the meeting, to each member entitled to vote at the meeting. If mailed, the notice shall be deemed to be delivered when deposited in the United States mail, addressed to the member at his or her address as it appears on the records of the Corporation, with postage thereon prepaid. Notice of meetings may be given as announcements in the SSA website or announcements delivered by e-mail.

2. Attendance at any meeting by a member shall constitute a waiver of notice of the meeting, except where a member attends a meeting for the expressed purpose of objecting to the transaction of any business because the meeting is not lawfully called or convened.

 

Article IV. Board of Directors.

A. Directors. The Directors of the corporation shall consist of a President, a Vice-president, a

Secretary/Treasurer and a Newsletter or Web Site Editor.

B. Election and terms. The President, Vice-president, Secretary/Treasurer and Newsletter Editor shall be

elected by a majority of the voting members of the annual meeting and shall hold office for a period of

twelve (12) months or until their successors are elected. There shall be no limit to the number of terms

each officer may serve.

C. President. The President shall be the principal executive officer of the Corporation and shall in

general, supervise and control all the business and affairs of the Corporation. He or she shall preside at all

meetings of the members. He or she may sign any deeds, mortgages, bonds, contracts or other instruments

that the officers have authorized to be executed. In general, he or she shall perform all duties incident to

the office of President and such other duties as may be prescribed by the Corporation.

D. Vice-president. The vice-president shall be in charge of parliamentary procedure at all regular

Corporation meetings. He or she is the co-chairperson of all Association. In the absence of the President or

in the event of his or her inability or refusal to act, the vice-president shall perform the duties of the

President and shall have all the powers of and be subject to any and all restrictions on the President.

E. Secretary/Treasurer. The Secretary/Treasurer shall keep the minutes of the meetings of the members,

see that all notices are duly given in accordance with these bylaws or as required by law, be custodian of

the Corporation records, keep a register of the post office address of each member and, in general, perform

all duties that may be assigned by the President. The Secretary/Treasurer shall have charge and custody of

and be responsible for all funds and securities of the Corporation, receive and give receipts for moneys due

and payable to the Corporation from any source whatsoever and deposit all such moneys in the name of the

Corporation in such banks, trusts, companies or other depositories as shall be selected by the officers, and

shall perform such other duties as may be incident to the office of Secretary/Treasurer. The

Secretary/Treasurer shall provide an annual financial report at the January meeting. The Secretary/

Treasurer shall provide new members within the first month of membership with a web site account and

access to the bylaws, rules, and the current membership database.

F. Newsletter or Web Site Editor. The Newsletter or Web Site Editor shall be responsible for the

collection and compilation of any news and information that shall be of interest to the members. This shall

include, but not be restricted to, notice of Corporation meetings, results of elections, officers meetings,

committee meetings, club activities, applicable Federal, State and City actions that may have bearing on the

Corporation, safety information and news from other flying organizations around the world. In addition,

the Editor shall select articles submitted by the members that are deemed satisfactory for publication. He

or she shall have the right and duty to edit said articles to conform with standards of propriety, legality and

validity. The newsletter or web site shall be updated on a schedule in accordance with Article III, Section

D of the Bylaws pertaining to notice of meetings for the Members. Funds for the publication or site fees

will be provided from the club treasury upon receipt of invoices or documentation meeting the

Secretary/Treasurer's approval. In absence of an appointed “Editor” the Secretary shall assume these duties.

 

Article V. Contracts, Checks, Deposits, and Funds

A. Contracts. The President may authorize any officer or officers, agent or agents of the Corporation in

addition to the officers so authorized by these Bylaws, to enter into any contract or execute and deliver any

instrument in the name of and on behalf of the Corporation. Such authority may be general or confined to

specific instances.

B. Checks, drafts or orders for payment. All checks, drafts or orders for payment of money, notes or

other evidence or indebtedness issued in the name of the Corporation shall be signed by such officers or

agents of the Corporation and in such manner as from time to time be determined by the officers.

C. Deposits. All funds of the Association shall be deposited from time to time to the credit of the

Association in such banks, trusts companies or other depositories as the officers may select.

D. Gifts. The directors may accept on behalf of the Corporation any contribution, gift, bequest or device

for the general purposes or special purposes of the Corporation.

 

Article VI. Identification Cards

The Corporation shall provide for the issuance of identification cards or other tokens evidencing membership in the Corporation. These cards or tokens shall be in such form as may be determined by the officers. Information included on the cards shall include the member's name, corporation number, USHPA number, USHPA rating, Corporation ratings, and expiration date. All cards or tokens shall be consecutively numbered to correspond to the Corporation records. If any card shall become lost, mutilated or destroyed, or if new information contained on the original is out of date, a new card may be issued on such terms and conditions as the officers may determine.

 

Article VII. Amendments and Attachments

A. Amendments. The Bylaws of this Association may be amended, repealed, added to or new Bylaws

may be adopted by the vote or written assent of a majority of the members entitled to vote or a two thirds

(2/3) majority of a quorum at a regular Corporation meeting.

B. Attachments. Copies of all current rules and guidelines as recommended by the Board of Directors

and approved by the Membership shall be permanently attached to these Bylaws. The Secretary/Treasurer

shall be responsible for updating these copies as the situation demands.

 

Article VIII. Miscellaneous

A. Controlling Law. These Bylaws shall be interpreted, governed and construed under the laws of New

Mexico.

B. Severability. If any provision of these Bylaws or any part thereof is declared invalid by any court of

competent jurisdiction, such action shall not affect the validity of these Bylaws, and the remainder of these

Bylaws shall remain in full force and effect according to the terms of the remaining provisions or parts of

provisions hereof.

 


Attachment A.

Sandia Soaring Association, Inc.

Sandia Peak Pilot Guidelines.

1. Pilot minimum qualifications to fly Sandia Peak.

A. A current USHPA  Advanced (H4/P4) rating for the type of wing flown (HG/PG).

1. HG pilots rating must include the following Special Skills: CL, FSL, AWCL, TUR, RLF & XC

2. PG pilots rating must include the following Special Skills: CL, FSL, TUR, RLF, XC, HA & RS

B. Be a current full or temporary Sandia Soaring Association member.

C. have a minimum of 100 hours of logged mountain flying experience.

D. have a minimum of 150 foot launched flights.

E. Utilize a helmet, reserve parachute, and airworthy glider.

Note: New pilots must be guided by a rated Peak Guide Pilot for the type of wing flown for a minimum of 10 flights before becoming eligible for a Peak Rating.

2. Qualifications for Sandia Peak Rating.

A. All pilots –

1. Current Full SSA Member

2. Must be guided by a minimum of 2 different Peak Guides in Pilot’s wing type.

3. Must be approved by the majority of those that have guided Pilot for wing type rating.

4. Minimum of 10 logged and guided Peak flights for type of wing flown.

a. First 5 flights must be supervised by a Guide of Pilot’s wing type.

b. Subsequent flights may be supervised by Guide of either wing type. 

3. Qualification to be a Sandia Peak Guide.

A. Be a current Sandia Peak rated pilot (minimum two years).

B. A paraglider Peak Guide must be a current or former Hang Gliding Peak Guide or meet all requirements in sub-section C below.

C. Either 50 Peak launched flights over a 2 year period for non-Crest Guides or 10

flights over a 1 year period for current Crest Guides.

D. Acknowledgment and acceptance of responsibilities as indicated by signature

 below.  Said acknowledgement to be executed annually by no later than April of current year or guide status is revoked

E. Approval of three current Peak Guides who have flown with the pilot and

recommend that they be given the responsibility of Peak Guide.

F.  Guides must meet annually in the month of March to re-affirm guidelines and discuss any issues

 

4. Guidelines for Sandia Peak Guides.

A. Verify qualifications of guest pilot.

B. Preview landing areas with guest pilot.

C. Discuss Tramway rules and etiquette with guest pilot.

D. Insure that instructions from Tram personnel are obeyed.

E. Review weather and flight conditions with guest pilot.

F. Review Peak Manual with guest pilot.

G. Review terrain with guest pilot.

H. Have guest pilot sign Peak waiver of liability (first flight).

I. Log guest pilot and Guide pilot with Tramway cashier.

J. Guide pilot must preflight and hang check (HG) or verify harness buckled and risers secured to harness (PG) and launch guest pilot.

K. Review flight with guest pilot after landing.

 

5. Sandia Peak Tandem Requirements.

A. Pilot in Command must be a full SSA member.

B. Pilot in Command must be a Peak Guide pilot for type of wing flown (HG/PG).

C. Pilot in Command must sign the SSA Tandem Responsibility Acknowledgement.

D. Pilot in Command must follow all USHPA Tandem requirements.

E. Pilot in Command must hold a USHPA Tandem rating for the passenger's skill

level.

F. Passenger must hold a USHPA Advanced (IV) rating.

G. Passenger must sign the SSA Tandem Liability Release. Said Tandem Liability release to be executed annually by no later than April 1 of current year or Tandem privileges are revoked.


 

Attachment B.

Sandia Soaring Association, Inc.

Sandia Crest Pilot Guidelines.

1. Pilot Minimum Qualifications to Fly Sandia Crest

A. Current USHPA Advanced rating (H4/P4) rating for type of wing flown (HG/PG). Exception allowed for local SSA members with Intermediate rating (H3/P3) for type of wing flown (HG/PG).

1.HG pilots rating must include the following Special Skills: CL, FSL, AWCL, TUR, RLF & XC

2.PG pilots rating must include the following Special Skills: CL, FSL, TUR, RLF, XC, HA & RS

B. Visiting USHPA Intermediate rated pilots with:

1) 50 logged hours.

2) 150 logged foot launch initiated flights.

3) Sponsorship of a current Local Instructor, Observer, or Crest Guide appointed for the type of wing flown (HG/PG).  Sponsership involves Local Instructor, Observer, or Crest Guide having witnessed or verified pilot’s skills and determining them as sufficient for flying Sandia Crest

C. Current Full Sandia Soaring Association Membership.

D. Helmet, reserve, airworthy glider.

Note: New pilots must be guided by a Crest Guide pilot until qualifications have been met.

 

2. Qualifications for Sandia Crest Rating.

A. All pilots –

1. Current Full SSA Member

2. Must be guided by a minimum of 2 different Crest Guides in Pilot’s wing type.

3. Must be approved by the majority of those that have guided Pilot for wing type rating.

B. All pilots (except those qualifying in Sections 2.C-2.E) – Minimum of 10 logged and guided Crest flights for type of wing flown.

1. First 5 flights must be supervised by a Guide of Pilot’s wing type.

2. Subsequent flights may be supervised by Guide of either wing type.

C. H4/P4 w/250+ mountain hours – Minimum of 5 logged and guided Crest flights on type of wing flown guided by a Crest Guide of wing type flown. (e.g. – H4 w/250+hrs needs a minimum of 5 guided flights guided by a Crest HG guide)

D. Pilots that have Crest rating in another wing type – Minimum of 3 logged flights guided by a Crest Guide of new wing type. (e.g – Crest rated PG pilot needs a minimum of 3 HG flights from the Crest and those flights need to be guided by a Crest HG Guide.)

E. Pilots with a Peak Rating – Minimum of 3 logged flights in wing type for which Pilot has Peak rating that are guided by a Crest Guide of wing type for which Pilot has Peak rating. (e.g - Peak rated PG pilot needs a minimum of 3 PG flights from the Crest and those flights need to be guided by a Crest PG Guide.) 

3. Qualifications to be a Sandia Crest Guide.

A. Current USHPA Advanced (H4/P4) rating for type of wing flown (HG/PG).

B. Current Full Sandia Soaring Association Member.

C. Current Sandia Crest rated pilot for type of wing flown (HG/PG).

D. 50 hours Sandia Mountain flight experience over a minimum 3 year period or prior Crest Guide status.

E. Acknowledgement and Acceptance of responsibilities as indicated by signature

Below Said Acknowledgement to be executed annually by no later than April 1 of current year or guide appointment revoked.

F. Recommendation and approval of 3 current Sandia Crest rated guides for type of wing flown (HG/PG) that pilot is qualified.

G. Guides must meet annually in the month of March to re-affirm guidelines and discuss any issues

4. Guidelines for Sandia Crest Guides.

A. Verify qualifications of guest pilot.

B. Preview landing area with guest pilot.

C. Review weather conditions with guest pilot.

D. Review terrain with guest pilot.

E. Guide must preflight guest pilot's glider.

F. Guide pilot must hang check (HG) or verify harness buckled and risers secured to harness (PG) and launch guest pilot.

G. Review flight with guest pilot after landing.

5. Sandia Crest Tandem Requirements.

A. Pilot in command must be a current full SSA member.

B. Pilot in Command must be a current Crest Guide rated pilot of type of wing flown.

C. Pilot in Command must sign the SSA Tandem Responsibility Acknowledgement.

D. Pilot in Command must follow all USHPA Tandem requirements.

E. Pilot in Command must hold the appropriate USHPA Tandem rating in the type of wing flown (HG/PG) for the passenger's skill level.

1) Tandem 1 - Rated pilots for type of wing flown (HG/PG).

2) Tandem 2 - Novice pilots for type of wing flown (HG/PG).

3) Tandem Instructor - Student pilots for type of wing flown (HG/PG).

F. Passenger must be a current member of USHPA.

G. Passenger must sign the SSA Tandem Liability release.

 

6. Novice (Hang 2) Instructor / Guide for Hang Gliding only.

A. Instructor / Guide must be a current full member of the SSA.

B. Instructor / Guide must be an SSA Crest Guide pilot for hang gliding.

C. Instructor / Guide must be a current USHPA Certified Advanced Instructor for hang gliding.

D. Instructor / Guide must have had direct involvement in the instruction of the Novice pilot.

E. Instructor / Guide must sign the SSA Instructor /Guide Responsibility Acknowledgement.  Said Acknowledgement to be executed annually by no later than April 1 of current year or privileges are revoked.

 

7. Novice Pilot must meet the following requirements:

A. Be a current SSA full member and a current USHPA Novice rated pilot.

B. Have a minimum of 10 logged solo flight hours.

C. Pass the USHPA Intermediate tests, both oral and written for hang gliding.

D. Sign the SSA Novice Pilot Liability release.

E. Fly within the following limitations:

1) Prior to or following significant thermal activity.

2) Wind speeds at launch of less than 12 mph.

3) Maintain radio communication between pilot and guide.

4) May not fly if there is any storm activity in the vicinity.

 


 

Appendix A.

History of Revisions

Adopted  by The Sandia Soaring Association, Inc. at the September 1993 meeting.

Amended/Revised January 31, 1996

Peak Guide requirements revised September 4, 1996

Crest/Peak Tandem rules added September 4, 1996

Crest Instructor/Novice rules added September 4, 1996

Annual Meeting changed from June to October. Revised March 5, 1997

Redefinition of a quorum adopted November 4, 1998

Meeting and Newsletter publication schedule modified November 4, 1998

Increase of dues after 01/31 to $30.00 adopted January 3, 2001

Use of e-mail and website for Fliers adopted Jan. 3, 2001

Mountain committee eliminated Jan 3, 2001

New pilot/ guide rating process adopted Jan 3, 2001

Eliminated Mountain Committee references, added web site references, added PG pilot

guidelines and performed minor typographical corrections, October 14, 2003.

Revised membership dues, December 1, 2004

March 2009 Revisions:

added restrictions on temporary membership

Change dues rates and eliminate dual tier rates

Change USHGA to USHPA  wherever mentioned

Change due date for dues

Revised meeting days and times to allow for officer announcements

added "In absence of an appointed “Editor” the Secretary shall assume these duties"

added "or tokens" to Article VI to allow for helmet stickers should the officers call for them

added language to include paragliding to the guidelines, clarify requirements and make Peak and Crest requirements consistant

re-added special skills requirements for both wing types at both launches

added "for type of wing flown" where appropriate and desired by the membership

added "or verified" to observer/sponser requirements

change language to clarify that the Novice Instructor exception for the Crest applies only to hang gliders                 

July 2012 – Peak and Crest guided flights number 6+ can be by a guide of either wing type.